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1.安裝PHP與配置、安裝redis、安裝exif、安裝imagick


Jack

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Posted (edited)

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安裝sury.org的PHP源
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wget -O /usr/share/keyrings/php.gpg https://packages.sury.org/php/apt.gpg


echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/php.gpg] https://packages.sury.org/php/ $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php.list


更新源
apt update


apt upgrade -y


apt dist-upgrade -y


apt install curl vim wget gnupg dpkg apt-transport-https lsb-release ca-certificates


apt install php-pear

 


瀏覽pear版本
pear version

 

apt install php8.3-{fpm,cli,mysql,curl,gd,mbstring,xml,zip,imap,soap,gmp,bcmath,redis} -y

 

如果要安裝其他元件,可以搜尋看看有無對應的套件
apt-cache search php8.3* | grep php

 


修改 php.ini 防止跨目录攻击
sed -i 's/;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/' /etc/php/8.3/fpm/php.ini

 


設置系統預設的PHP版本
update-alternatives --list php


update-alternatives --set php /usr/bin/php8.3


update-alternatives --config php


重啟PHP
systemctl restart php8.3-fpm

 

 


---------------------------------------
安裝redis、安裝exif、安裝imagick
---------------------------------------

apt install redis

apt install php-redis

apt install exif

apt install imagemagick

 

ldconfig /usr/local/lib

apt install php-imagick

 

重啟PHP
systemctl restart php8.3-fpm

 

瀏覽已安裝的PHP擴展,已有exif、gmp、imagick、redis
/bin/php8.3 -m

 

 


------------------
修改php.ini
------------------

vi /etc/php/8.3/fpm/php.ini


使用Xshell 7 SSH軟體上面的選項,編輯 -> 尋找 -> 尋找目標,將能快速找到以下這些要修改的地方

 

停用危險函數
搜尋 
disable_functions =

修改为
disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,popen,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,pcntl_exec

 

搜尋以下這些,並修改它們的值

max_execution_time = 300

max_input_time = 180

memory_limit = 512M


顯示PHP程式錯誤,正式運作的論壇通常是 Off 關閉狀態
display_errors = Off


post_max_size = 100M

upload_max_filesize = 100M

max_file_uploads = 100

default_socket_timeout = 180

 

ESC儲存並離開
:wq

 


重啟PHP
systemctl restart php8.3-fpm


瀏覽PHP的版本,確定是安裝PHP 8.3
php -v

 

開機啟動PHP8.3
systemctl enable php8.3-fpm


啟動PHP8.3
systemctl start php8.3-fpm


瀏覽狀態
systemctl status php8.3-fpm

 

重開機
reboot

 

瀏覽狀態,確認重開機後,PHP有自動啟動
systemctl status php8.3-fpm


按 ctrl + z 停止

 

Edited by Jack
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